Last two interviews and LOTS of data

My last interview in Wellington was with a GP in a small family practice. He estimated 50% of his patients were older adults; so, he was keen to talk about dementia care. I think I have been here long enough to have some Kiwi expressions creep into my speech: keen to, go to hospital, and of course kia ora(Maori for hello or literally translated as “be well”, “be healthy” or “have life”).  I am so fortunate to have had the opportunity to speak to some many health care providers here and learn about the rewards and challenges of their practices.

My last day in New Zealand was spent in Auckland.  Google Maps was once again my savior as it pointed me toward the best way to get up to the North Shore Hospital for my last interview.  I chose an express bus from the airport and short walk to the hospital (50 minutes).  As usual, I had extra time and stopped for a date scone and my last flat white.   I was rewarded for my efforts by the time I spent with a very experienced clinician who has implemented exactly what I would like to do in Vermont.  What a way to finish up!

I’ve started to sort my interview data and get it ready for input into the HyperResearch program. This sabbatical has certainly accomplished the intent of “learning something new” and the learning is far from over.  Thank you for following this blog, my first, and I hope it gave a favor of this research project and the lovely country of Aotearoa.  Now my work clearly lies ahead… analyses and dissemination with the help of my colleagues Dr. Betty Rambur, Lori McKenna, Dr. William Pendlebury and Dr. Michael Lamontia.  

 E noho ra!  (Maori goodbye)

Last pre-interview snack, a flat white and date scone.
Posted by the acute care ward. You can find it on Youtube, very good.
Happy me. Last interview done and on my last bus ride to the AIRPORT and home.

Last Week in Windy Welly

First on my list of things to finish up here was to gain better understanding of the role of a nurse practitioner in the care of elders with dementia.  So I was lucky enough to spend a morning with Lesley Maskery who is the nurse practitioner on the Mental Health for Older Persons interprofessional team.  Each week the team gets referrals from general practitioners and others for comprehensive mental health assessments.  The team includes: social worker, occupational therapist, geriatricians, geriatric psychologist, nurse, and nurse practitioner. This week they had 7 referrals and would divide up the tasks of completing the assessment. It’s so inspiring to see highly functioning interprofessional teams.

Lesley took me to a facility which had senior apartments, rest home care (assisted living), and a dementia unit all on the same campus.  In the dementia unit, the staff is able to call on the nurse practitioner for assistance with problem-solving behavioral issues and medications changes as needed. The facility had lots of outdoor space, gardens and even a nesting quail. A near-by kindergarten was visiting and sharing arts and crafts time with the residents. Our last stop was a 16 bed acute care gero-psych ward which is used for stabilization before placement elsewhere. That facility was equipped with all the physical features necessary, but clearly the most important component was the caring staff.   Now I have a better sense of dementia care in this part of the world thanks to a lovely colleague who shares a similar passion. 

My wellness activities for this week include: more swims in the 50 meter pool that is now right across the street from me, a spin on an Onzo bike since I have finally have borrowed a helmet, time on the Meridian Wind Sculpture Walkway, and one more yoga class in the beautiful Space studio high on Mount Victoria overlooking the Wellington harbor.  Lucky me!

Lesley Maskery NP helped me understand dementia care in NZ
This city embraces it’s wind!

A trip to the South Island

With most of the interviews done (5 general practitioners, 2 nurse practitioners, 4 nurses, 2 social workers, 2 caregivers and a team from the ministry of health) Lori and I pushed on further into the South Island.  We took the TranzAlpine train from Christchurch to Greymouth through the Southern Alps.   This was a 4.5 hour ride through mountains, valleys, across the Alpine fault line, past old mining and logging towns and finally into the temperate rainforest of Greymouth.  Vegetation is THICK here with lots of palm trees and ferns. 

If you want to see an interesting depiction of life for 19thcentury Scottish settlers here – rent The Piano (1993) from Amazon.  It’s a dark story of all the hardships that a “mail order bride” (Holly Hunter, Academy Award Winner) faced but the scenes of the Tasman Sea and the rainforest are spot on.  This movie gives a hint to the hardiness of the modern-day Kiwi’s. 

From Greymouth we travelled up the coast by bus to the Pancake Rock or Punakaiki.  A paved trail takes you to spectacular layers of stratified limestone that line the coast.  The attention paid to NZ’s natural treasures is impressive and well-maintained and signed trails make these special places very accessible. Another example of this is Abel Tasman National Park.  The Department of Conservation has created an impressive network of “tracks” with the Coastal track noted for some of NZ’s best scenery – golden beaches, clear blue water, and lovely vistas through thick bush.  With kayaking, birding, hiking, biking, horseback riding, and boating options, this park is inviting all ages and abilities.  I wish I could do further research regarding Kiwi’s love of the outdoors and being fit and active.  Now I’m on a 3 hours ferry boat ride back to the North Island looking forward to one more week of work before my return to Vermont. 

The signage guiding our 4 hour “tramp”
Beautiful vista along the Coastal Track in Abel Tasman National Park

An Unexpected Caregiver Interview

As memorials grew and grew in Christchurch, Lori (my Memory Center colleague) and I decided to get out into the country for the day.  New Zealanders love hiking so well-marked and maintained “tracks” are available almost everywhere.   We headed for the Banks Peninsula and the village Akaroa on a bus from Christchurch (about 2 hours).  The entire peninsula was created by a volcano and the winding journey over the highest peak down into the village is amazing. Once in Akaroa, we bought a map of the tracks that would take 3 hours or less and headed off.

Sharing a “track” with some of NZ”s finest in Akaroa

Climbing out of town toward the Akaroa bush reserves via quiet back streets and dirt trails, we were quickly by ourselves despite the crush of people debarking a very large cruise ship at the town’s wharf.  As we walked past a beautiful home, we were greeted by a woman coming out of her driveway to take her dogs for a walk.  She asked if we were out for a walk and we answered with a compliment of her lovely village and an expression of sorrow for New Zealanders about the recent shooting. At that point, she invited us in to see her gardens.

Her house was previously the home of a French consulate who requested to retire to Akaroa after her service was done.  Jacqui and her husband were able to purchase this incredible place which had extensive gardens and an amazing view of the Akaroa Harbor.  It was definitely one of the most beautiful homes I have ever been in.  When we explained our research to Jacqui she was kind enough to share her recent caregiving experience and give us even more insight into dementia care in NZ.  What a lovely lady, we are so thankful for her invitation into her home and her life.  This chance encounter provided us with another unique voice of a New Zealand family carer. 

A lovely invitation into a beautiful home in Akaroa

Tragedy in a loving country

As circumstances would have it, Lori McKenna, my brother, Julian High and I were due to fly to Christchurch on Saturday, one day after 50 Muslims were murdered while they prayed in their mosque in that city.  On Friday, the news broke slowly: 4 shooters, then 1, school kids in locked in their schools until 6PM, and many businesses shuttered. Our first reaction to stay away was based on our previous experience of “lock down” and how it paralyzes normal life in a city. The next day, our 1:30 PM flight to Christchurch was cancelled; however, we were all automatically rebooked on an earlier flight leaving at noon.  Despite our uncertainly, sorrow and a little bit of fear we decided to go. 

Several things are strikingly different in a country naïve to gun violence. First, people are not numb to this news, they are hurt, angry and want to do something to express their sorrow. So many people have come to the street across from where we are staying to lay flowers and leave signs or other objects, pray and sing.  Now that display stretches is 3-4 blocks long and 6 feet deep. Hymns and Maori singing can be occasionally heard.  Media coverage from around the world is set up here.  The Prime Minister has assured her country that gun laws will be changed in 10 days’ time and there will be a day of national mourning.  We were told that when President Trump asked Prime Minister Jacinda Ardern what he could do, she replied “have sympathy and love for all Muslim communities”.  The sign pictured below captures the spirit of New Zealand – a unique and diverse land of many people.  A tragedy witnessed…

A sign posted in the ChristChurch Art Centre
Newsman interviewing at the site of the memorial to slain Muslims
on Rolleston Street Christchurch

Traveling Lessons Learned

With our busiest week of interviews coming to an end, I’m going to reflect on some lessons learned on a couple of levels.

Regarding requesting an interview of busy healthcare professionals– persistence counts. One office was contacted six times and then came through with two interviews for us.  The snowball effect definitely pays off as each interviewee was asked to recommend others for us to contact. Lastly, finding a practice manager who has experienced Alzheimer’s Disease on a personal level can open many doors. 

Regarding money management –  Wire transfers of funds are a nightmare when in a different time zone and date – avoid at all costs.  Out of country debit cards are treated like credit cards here in New Zealand so there is no option to select debit or credit.  Finally, American Express is NOT preferred and many shopkeepers will tell you exactly why – too many fees and policy changes for them.  So don’t believe the ads, bring cash and a debit card and a back up credit care. 

Wellness activities are essential to keeping the team going– For example, riding up in the Cable Car and walking down to the city for 40 minutes through the lovely Wellington Botanical Gardens with my team and my brother. A lovely hike along the rugged coast also keeps our spirits high. 

Monkey Puzzle Tree “Described as a ‘Living Fossil’ due to its great age, this tree is quite architectural with it’s whorls of triangular leaves on widely-spaced branches. Tolerant of coastal salt spray but does not like exposure to pollution, dry soils or poor drainage. Evergreen. Hardy”
Some great vistas high above Breaker Bay
A lovely walk along the coastline with lots birdsong and hills to climb

The Team is On the Ground

This is our busy week for interviews.  Social Worker Lori McKenna has joined Betty Rambur and I and provides a wealth of understanding of carer’s needs.   Lori is also a very experienced traveler and we have appreciated her insight and love of a good walk.  All our interviews are being conducted in Wellington and the Lower Hutt.  Half of the “journey” is getting to the destination on the bus and observing daily life in this part of the world. We have been on the bus by ourselves OR squeezed in with commuters OR seated with beautiful school kids of many cultural backgrounds. We have struck up conversations with locals including elders, teens and retired healthcare professionals regarding their opinion of their health care system and not gotten a single negative reply.   By week’s end we will have done 10 interviews, logged many bus and foot miles, and conquered any technological snafus which came our way.  Signing off feeling like empowered international women, Mary Val, Lori and Betty   

Lori making the transfer to go to the Lower Hutt
Lori and Betty getting ready to “tag off” the bus
Betty is off to her first interview

Team members arriving

I’m fortunate to have two wonderful colleagues to help me with this research project. The first to arrive was Betty Rambur PhD, RN, FAAN who is the Routhier Endowed Chair Practice and Professor at University of Rhode Island.  Betty has been my research mentor on workforce issues since 2001 and we work well together.  She hit the ground running in Auckland and met two engaging older women with personal and professional experience in dementia care. One in particular has authored the two books pictured below. She will explore health policy and financing of dementia care in New Zealand. 

Dr. Rambur arrives in Wellington
Great resources from a New Zealand author

Once in Wellington, Betty and I had an orientation day of busing around, New Zealand lawmaking (included a tour of the “Beehive”), and an Ethnic Food Fair at the local school with Indian, German, Hangi, Chinese, Mexican, Cambodian, African, Middle Eastern, Pacific Island, Somali and Greek dishes.  This gives you a good idea of the diversity in Wellington; I wish I could share the tasty treats!

Ethnic Food Festival at the Miramar School… Yum!

Nurses in New Zealand

Now that I have visited and contacted 16 primary care offices in Wellington NZ, I would like to offer this observation…. New Zealand really knows how to use nurses in primary care! In each office the Nurse Consulting Room is up front close to the waiting room.  I was lucky enough to snaps some photos to give you an idea of this space. The nurses’ role in chronic disease management allows the GP to focus on the medical care and adds to the holistic health of the patient and family in their home setting.   I wish I could bottle up this model and bring it to Vermont. 

My wellness activity for today… a nice swim in one of the many pools in Wellington.  Did you know that all children are required to learn how to swim in grade school here?  A smart idea for this beautiful island nation; the investment in their swimming pools is evident everywhere.  Happy me!

Friendly NZ RN ready to see patients and families in the Nurse Consultation Room
Phone, computer and printer – all in exam room

Longest bus trip yet

Today I went farther that I have to date guided by my trusty Google Maps ap. The destination was Johnsonville which is on the northwest side of Wellington, past Khandallah and my favorite name: Kaiwharawhara. Being a little phonics challenged, I’m appreciative when the syllables repeat themselves.

Here are a couple of things that I have noticed from my time in waiting rooms: No one wears white coats, the GPs “room” there own patients and the nurse consultation rooms are usually right off the waiting room.

The best thing about my bus ride today was the second practice that I visited was on the other end of the #1 bus route. A 51 minute straight shot to a lovely little beach neighborhood. Bonus – it was a double decker bus. Of course I had a picnic lunch and then my snack treat – a flat white and Anzac biscuit. During my snack break, I watched a procession of school kids heading for the beach with their hats and towels and teachers. It seems a bit chilly to me but there they go. I’m starting to love my routine here.

School kids heading for the beach – all have hats on and it’s about 65 degrees!
A flat white and an Anzac biscuit while watching the school kids past by to go to the beach.

13 practices visited in “Windy Welly”

Wellington New Zealand is an interesting collection of neighborhoods nestled into a hilly topography connected by bays and tunnels in some places.  The weather has been great for walking but I’m considering getting a new haircut that will look good no matter which way the wind blows.  “Windy Welly” has been appropriately named.  A sturdy hat or the perfect haircut is necessary to avoid looking like my dog with his head out the car window when I introduce myself at a each new practice.

Nevertheless, I have made my introduction at 13 primary care offices.  Some were follow ups to letters, emails and postcards that I had sent. Most visits involve a brief introduction, handing over the research information sheet, and a request for the GPs or nurses to be interviewed about dementia care.  Most practices have Practice Managers that can be very helpful saying for example “my dad and grandfather have dementia”; or can be strict gatekeepers of access to the providers.  I love when I get invited into a nurse’s consultation room.  These are usually a well set-up exam rooms with a computer and telephone included in this work space.  I promise I will take some pictures.  The nurses I have met have a big help in securing an interview with a GP, often recommending the best one in their practice. I have done 2 interviews so far which have confirmed that I came to the right place to study different models of Alzheimer’s care.   I have 2 more interviews on my schedule and at least 5 more new practices to visit before circling back to the ones that I have already contacted.  It’s exciting work for me and each new waiting room helps me understand New Zealand’s health care system a little better.

See the circled neighborhoods that I have visited so far
Each office has added to my collection of elder services

“We are keen to help”

I have visited 5 practices in the last 2 days and had 13,000 steps on my Fitbit by 1PM today. It helps that I walked the wrong way 3 out of 3 times while trying to follow my Google Maps directions. Sometimes I think I should have a compass around my neck and a paper map in my hand.

Seriously, the Google Maps ap is great and it helps me know when to “tag out” with my Snapper card and hop off the bus (see picture below). The bus rides are very interesting and I try to observe at least one new thing on each bus ride. Today I happened into a Korean neighbor and enjoyed waiting for the bus with a few Korean elders. Most people (young and old) say “Thank you Driver” as they get off the bus – what a nice custom.

I am making progress with scheduling interviews – 3 are lined up and I’m hoping for many more. When a practice manager said “We are keen to help” it was Kiwi music to my ears!

Off to “work” with my Snapper bus card in hand. You must “tag on” and “tag off” each ride

My wellness activities for the last two days have been – a great 3000 meter swim with my pal Cynthia and 6:30 AM yoga in the most beautiful yoga studio I have ever been in. ONWARD!

Another interesting Kiwi elder, she was flying the flag!

My first BIG idea

An invitation to an interprofessional discussion, with a visiting geriatrician at a GP office, gave me my first BIG idea of the trip.  What if… telehealth consultation by dementia experts was available to all Vermont primary care practices  on a rotating basis regarding diagnosis and management of people with dementia and their families?  That might help!  Thank you to the nurse manager to invited me to the interprofessional conference with their new district geriatrician.  This nurse manager finds interprofessional brainstorming VERY helpful; always a good sign. 

Today’s wellness activity: a long walk on the beach at Seatoun after visiting my 3rdprimary care practice today.  The wind in Wellington is very strong and a firm hat and substantial jacket make beach walking very fun. Here is a picture from the Seatoun Beach and the Oruaiti Reserve. Unfortunately, no blue penguins were around but, I had already met them at the zoo.

Friendly People

Charlotte Brynn and her father Don.

I got to meet my second Kiwi octogenarian; what a wonderful man Don is.  He told me a little story to illustrate how well he thinks elders are cared for in New Zealand.  His brother is 94 years old and received home health services because he lived alone until recently.  Don explained that one person would come in the AM and put his bedding into the wash, the next person would come and hang his sheets out to dry, and third person would come later that day to take down the sheets and make his bed. Don felt that it was all seamlessly coordinated.  What a great idea to spread care throughout the day and give more opportunities for conversation.  I have included a picture of Don and his daughter, a healthy and active family for sure. 
So far, I have visited 3 primary care practices and have about 20 on my list.  I have also learned that the “navigators” referred to in the NZ Framework for Dementia Care are social workers who are district based.  I hope to meet some soon.  The primary care  or “GP” offices seemed to be in each neighborhood in Wellington.  Staff are friendly and the waiting rooms are full of health information. Although New Zealand has a universal healthcare system, there are fees associated with each visit.  Nurse visits have been available in all the offices that I have visited so far.  Can’t wait to learn more about that.  I did note on one practice’s website that the nurse’s bio included “smear collector.”  I’ll let you ponder that one.   

Getting down to business

Wellington Zoo has many opportunites to view the animals close up

For the last two days we have been settling into our AirB&B in Wellington.  Dr. Reese and I have gotten our bus passes and started to learn the different routes around town.  I have been contacting the primary care offices that I identified and corresponded with over the last few months. I have also discovered more primary care offices to add to my list using the “snowball method”.    Today’s wellness activity: a visit to the Wellington Zoo. 

Train ride pictures

Beautiful views of the North Island
Lots of sheep along the way
Volcanic peaks
And lastly there is the Cook Strait and the first glimpse of the Southern Island.

Auckland to Wellington via the Northern Explorer

What a way to see the North Island!  The train ride was comfy and the scenery was stunning. Here is link to the route of the train which gives a good description of each region that I traveled through  There is a series of 5 viaducts over which the train goes very slowly and you can stand outside in the observation car for some great pictures.  Headphones are provided for a description of what you are seeing along the way.  It was a great introduction to how the geography of this beautiful land has shaped it’s people and commerce. Lastly come the views of the Cook Strait and glimpses of the Southern Island.  No WIFI, so bring a good book or download your work before booking.  

Some Pics from Day 2

Wonderful temperature for walking and collecting shells
Beautiful New Zealand grapes in a drought year
Looking from the vineyard to the sea
New Zealand Christmas Tree at Goldie Winery

Auckland Day 2

2/17 Auckland is surrounded by some beautiful islands and volcanic preserves that are easily accessible by ferry. So we headed out early for a full day of exploring Waiheke Island.  The island is filled with rolling hills topped by beautiful ancient trees.  The bus can take you all over the island and the drivers are friendly and helpful.  First we stopped at the beach at Oneroa Bay which gave us a good initial stretch of our legs and plenty of shells to examine.  We were able to get some good hikes in between the 3 wineries that we visited – Kennedy Point Vineyard, Goldie Wines, and Stonyridge Vineyard.  All had long driveways to inviting outdoor tasting areas with beautiful visas of vineyards and the ocean.  Lindsay and I walked about 9 miles and were happy not be to delivered place to place by van, taxi or helicopter.  A great introduction to lovely New Zealand wine and landscape.  On the bus back to the ferry, I had my first interview with an New Zealand octogenarian.  He felt very supported by the NZ health care system.  His only complaint was sometimes a wait for non- urgent surgeries, but he reported that he was quickly seen for a cardiac event with extensive workup and treatment.  He noted a physician shortage in his rural area but feel well taken care of by the nurses that were involved in all of his primary care visits.  Our 2 days in Auckland acclimating to New Zealand were delightful and now we are ready to move on and set up the homebase for the research project in Wellington. 

Finally arrived in NZ!

After 2 years of planning, I have arrived in New Zealand to learn about the “New Zealand Framework for Dementia Care”.   This is my sabbatical research and I hope to bring back some new ideas for my clinical practice at the University of Vermont Memory Program.   The 13 hour flight from San Francisco was uneventful except for a little turbulence which our pilot described as “jiggles”.   My first traveling companion is Dr. Lindsay Reese who is a neuroscientist and scientific editor. After our arrival in Auckland, we set out to orient ourselves to the Maori culture at the Auckland War Memorial Museum.  We got to experience the Maori love for song and dance and got a glimpse at their rich cultural heritage and familiar struggles.  I was struck by a video presentation that repeatedly mentioned “caring” as an integral part of Maori culture and knew that I had come to the right place.

Learning about the Maori at the Auckland War Memorial Museum

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