Scientific Facts and Data

There is no fish or plant life in the Dead Sea.


The Dead Sea is the second saltiest body of water in the world. The first saltiest is Lake Assal in Dijibouti.


The salinity content of the Dead Sea is 33.7% compared to that of the Mediterranean of 3.7%.


Agriculture in the Dead Sea region is 50% of the economy.


The Dead Sea is the lowest point on Earth.


Dead Sea salt extraction minerals include:

-Magnesium and Calcium chlorides (crude pan salt)

-Potassium chloride (potash fertilizer)

-Magnesium chloride (industrial use)

-Potassium chloride (gelatin, carrageenan, and pharmaceutical production)

-Bath and spa salts (magnesium, potassium, calcium chloride, and bromides)




725 million cubic meters of water evaporates from the surface of the Dead Sea every year, which is equivalent to 290,000 Olympic sized swimming pools.


The Dead Sea falls at a rate of 1.33 meters per year compared to 1.15 meters per year from 1993 to 3009.



To see where these facts were gathered, click here.

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