Welcome, to Nazi Policies Towards Women. Here you can learn all about the different laws made by the Nazi government pertaining to women. The Nazi ideology professed distinct gender roles. This ideology manifested in many laws encompassing almost all aspects of life. This page will break down the laws into different categories and then explain how the laws worked. Some of the material in this blog is highly offensive and may not be suitable for young readers.
The National Socialist Party began to take control of Germany in 1933 after Adolf Hitler was appointed Chancellor of Germany by President Hindenburg. Soon after the Nazis had complete control over the government. The National Socialist Party held power from 1933 to 1945. This page will focus on policies implemented by the Nazis from 1933 to 1945. It is important to realize the Nazi party had some power over policy before 1933.
Nazi policy was generally based of the ideology of its leader Adolf Hitler. This ideology is pretty well-known especially for its anti-semitism. Another large part of this ideology is segregation based on gender. The role of women was to be in the home as a mother and a housekeeper. This view was supposedly based on a traditional view of gender roles and in response to the western “flapper” of the 1920s. The Nazis used propaganda and education to instill these values. The Nazis also used legal policies to force this view upon the people. The Nazis made policies pertaining to motherhood, women in the workplace and sterilization.
National Socialist policies attempted to promote motherhood in a variety of ways. This was supposed to create a new pure German state. Women were not supposed to be workers because that could get in the way of their household duties and mothering duties. Also women deemed “unpure” were sterilized and killed so that they could no longer taint Germany. National Socialism identified women as very important for creating a pure Germany.
Hitler’s manifesto Mein Kampf outlined this ideology. It should also be noted that Hitler did not often talk about women in Mein Kampf. He only used the words women or woman 29 times in Mein Kampf. Hitler did mention women sometimes. Hitler wrote
“The German girl is a subject of the State but will become a citizen when she marries. At the same time those women who earn their livelihood independently have the right to acquire citizenship if they are German subjects.” From Mein Kampf Volume 2: Chapter 3
Here Hitler writes that women are not citizens until they marry. Marriage would by this ideology make a women a citizen. Working only gives a women the right to acquire citizenship. This quotation shows the beliefs that Hitler had that became a part of the Nazi platform.