23 Oct 2017


  1. Eastern White Pine
  2. Sugar Maple
  3. Spiderwebs
  4. Various Foliage (Evergreen Wood Fern, Buckthorn)


As fall approaches, the ground cover at my chosen location in Centennial Woods increases. There are more pine needles and leaves fallen from the deciduous trees. Looking up reveals a change in foliage color from green to yellow and brown, with the evergreen pine needles from the Eastern white pines framing the smaller maples.

On this occasion, the only signs of wildlife other than plants in my location were a few small spider webs at the base of the Eastern white pine in the center of my 20 meter diameter plot.

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