Development as Adaptation: Climate Change Adaptation and Forced Displacement in Bangladesh

Bangladesh is often discussed in both scholarly literature and popular discourse as one of the most vulnerable countries in the world to the possible effects of climate change.  Images of rising waters, flooded fields, and displaced farmers in the region have become an iconic symbol used in debates both locally and elsewhere.  The past decade has seen a tremendous growth in domestic and international initiatives designed to ameliorate the impacts of climate change.  In many ways, “climate change adaptation” has become as much of a part of the development mantra today as microcredit, participation, and shrimp aquaculture have been in earlier eras.  This paper examines various projects associated with adaptation initiatives in Bangladesh and the challenge mounted by local communities to some of these efforts.