Salmon Hole: Final Thoughts

•May 5, 2018 • Leave a Comment

May is upon us, spring is coming through to Salmon Hole. The snow is gone and the color is coming through in the trees. Not many of the leaves are back to the trees yet, most of them look pretty dead because this is a peak moment in the phenological transition from late spring to early summer. Nature and culture are intertwined in a few ways at my phenology spot. I always see Salmon Hole as a natural escape right in the middle of an extremely urban, suburban area. Salmon Hole is a place where people can take a break from the culture around them and escape to the natural world, bringing themselves out of the hustle and bustle of their daily lives. I consider myself a part of this place, I have been going to this place for a year and it has helped me feel more acclimated to Burlington and the surrounding area. I even have a specific spot that I would always sit in when I would go down to Salmon Hole to write and document the surroundings. Right off the trail towards the water there is a large tree trunk that has been there since I started going there last semester. I started using this tree as a spot to sit since it is right in the center of my spot I can look around and see down the river and I truly feel at peace when I’m there. I feel a part of this place in so many ways, I see Salmon Hole as a diamond in the rough, a secret treasure that many people do not take advantage of enough for cultural, spiritual purposes.

Salmon Hole: Has spring sprung yet?

•April 15, 2018 • Leave a Comment

Salmon Hole always shows subtle signs of the season changing when it comes from winter to spring especially. As far as amphibians go there are small fish and possible tadpoles swimming around in the water of Salmon Hole, I have not seen full salon yet though. There are some really small flowers who are trying to poke their way through the leaves but they are now covered by the thin layer of snow that came down over the course of this weekend. When it comes to the trees, I have not seen any blatant evidence of flowering, but some of the trees are showing some tiny, tiny buds. The nearest edge is actually right by my specific spot of salmon Hole, there is a main road right by the trail entrance that I use every single time I go there. The edge effect of being right by a heavily populated main road has resulted in a smaller bird population in the area and more leaves on the ground rather than in the trees. Since the edge is right around the boundary of Salmon Hole, the trees that are right there have less leaves most of the times that I have been there, and the trees further inland have more leaves, but not by much as of right now. As far as forest interior species go the most common ones are squirrels and the occasional rabbit or garden snake.

Salmon Hole: Comparison with Another Place

•March 16, 2018 • Leave a Comment

I decided to choose a different phenology place to compare Salmon Hole to then the place I used last semester, and it’s in my own backyard this time. Right in the backyard of my house there is a patch of woods that the Charles River runs through, so this land is a protected space that fortunately no one is allowed to ever build on; so it is like my own little piece of the wilderness right outside my window. Since no one has ever developed right on top of this land, it has had time to develop naturally enough that there is a pathway above the river that leads into the next town right behind a gas station, which is not directly near the river. Tall trees fill the woods, but the ground is littered with thorn bushes and poison ivy, so anytime I ever would end up in there I would always make sure to wear long pants and not touch any leaf that I did not recognize. Then there is the path that leads into town, I have only ever walked that path once with my entire family and it was fairly long and narrow but it was so calming to be in the woods. Right now there is so much snow covering the woods its hard to find where the water starts and where the path begins. With those tall trees, there is the occasional bird who made a nest up in the trees, but since it is in the prime of winter I really was not able to see any actual birds. There are plenty of plants that are in this area, but all the leaves are gone but the buds are beginning to come back.

Coordinates: 42°08’11.2″N 71°26’26.5″W

Salmon Hole: Natural Communities, Changes and BioFinder

•March 4, 2018 • Leave a Comment

With the rapid changes in weather there have been a lot of phenological changes since I last visited Salmon Hole. After reading the Wetland, Woodland, Wildland reference I found a few natural communities within Salmon Hole. Due to the location of Salmon Hole it falls into the Champlain Valley, one of eight biophysical natural communities within Vermont. The human development that is evident in the fact that the Winooski River sits right near a factory is very evident in the structure of the bedrock of the area. Salmon Hole is also known for it’s access to fishing which meant the existing forest was cut down to give greater access to the settlers of Burlington. Most of the forest in Salmon Hole has been developed, and the glacial till has already made its way into the existing bedrock and soils of the area. I truly believe that this is natural community characteristics are still evident in the ecological potential of contemporary Salmon Hole.
There have also been some changes phenologically since I last visited Salmon Hole as well. There really is not a lot of ice covering the entire way down to the water, but it was snowing today so a fresh white powder settled on top of the trees and crunched underneath my foot with every step. The trees are still bear, but despite this rapid change in weather patterns spring is still around the corner! I saw just about the same amount of tracks as I did the last time I was there, and I still believe that it was really only dog tracks since it is a popular trail for people living nearby to take their dogs.
Finally I went back to BioFinder to look into the data that has been collected on Salmon Hole. At first it took me awhile to find Salmon Hole on the map itself since it is just apart of a much larger place. Once I found it however it is quite the area. After playing around with the area I found that covering the entire area are highest priority surface water and riparian areas as well as rare species and uncommon species. Salmon Hole is an extremely important place biologically and this data proves that it must be protected and conserved. The entire area of Salmon Hole has numerous rare wetland communities and uncommon natural communities that I did not know were there before.

Salmon Hole: Tracking & Changes

•February 4, 2018 • Leave a Comment

Salmon Hole almost seems like an entirely new place. Covered in ice and snow it feels like once I walk down that snow covered trail towards the water I feel transported into another world. There is a tennis ball frozen into the lake and the vibrant color of a few soda cans disrupts the white tapestry that fills my vision. The trees have now become harder to identify, but from what I could tell I noticed a few boxelders, a couple paper birches and a black cherry tree just far enough down the hill where I couldn’t get too close to it.
When it came to finding tracks, that was very difficult. I was able to only find one track in the mess of human tracks, and it ended up being dog tracks from what I was able to deduce. I was able to find pretty distinctive tracks but scat as well.

This was one of the twigs I found on my journey to Salmon Hole and I was only able to locate a few of the central parts in my sketch below.

Salmon Hole: Human History & Changes

•December 5, 2017 • Leave a Comment

The time I have spent at Salmon Hole I have noticed the changes that human development has imposed on this natural area over time. For example, all around the water there is development that almost blocks the entire environment in. With this part of Winooski once belonging to a whole lot of mills and factories, that is still evident today. While looking around the water you are able to see the remnants of the old factory right above the waterfall that runs into the main body of water. The product of this area once being full of factories and mills is still within the geological and sediment formation all around Salmon Hole. The rocks around Salmon Hole are layered with numerous kinds of sediment from natural development and the factory’s runoff which made its way into the soil and sediment. The waterfall as well is a man made structure, the structure that it comes out of is something that did not occur naturally. Another example of the human history is the wood stairs and bridge that connect the trail to the water, the bridge going over the river. This shows that humans wanted a better access point to the water for its fishing ability and access to further factory development as well.

DeviantArt. “Winooski Vt Salmon Hole .” DeviantArt ,

Gardiner , Leah. “Place Based Phenology – Salmon Hole .” Place Based Phenology – Salmon Hole on the WInooski ,

Salmon Hole Comparison: Choate Park

•November 26, 2017 • 1 Comment

Choate Park and Salmon Hole are two very similar pieces of land. Choate Park is located in my hometown of Medway, Massachusetts and is often overlooked as a phenological gem. Just like Salmon Hole, Choate Park is an inland structure with some kind of body of water running through it. At this point in time most of the trees have shed their leaves just like in Salmon Hole. However, I was able to find a lot of the same tree species in Choate and Salmon Hole. When thinking about a place to compare Salmon Hole to for this assignment I knew that Choate Park was the perfect place because Choate is basically a smaller version of Salmon Hole. The wildlife situation is pretty similar, however I have not noticed any snakes of any kind in my time at Choate like I did at Salmon Hole but they both had the usual squirrels, insects and fish in the water. The fish at Choate were extremely sparse in comparison to Salmon Hole. Salmon Hole, as it says in the name, has a very boisterous salmon population and most times at Choate you are lucky to catch even the tiniest of fish.
Choate Park is a small gem in the little town of Medway, Massachusetts. With the small wooden soldiers lining the grass surrounding the tennis courts at Christmas time and the large evergreen covered in twinkly lights. While walking around the Park Street Pond you can see the rolling greenery of the Thayer House lawn as the sun lines the horizon. Along the wooded trails that surround the pond the trees loom overhead twisted around one another at this time of year. As you walk along these trails, the gravel crunching underneath your feet, a bushy tailed, light brown squirrel scurries across the trail, shooting up a tall oak tree trying to find a sustenance for the cold winter up ahead. The water of the pond, despite the unappealing appearance at first, this is a very complex system. The pond leads into a roaring waterfall, constantly flowing underneath the bridge connecting the lands of the park to one another. The waterfall then leads into the river that continues to flow through Medway and connecting towns as well. Right on the pond as well the tiniest of beaches lays right off the side of the water, the grainiest of sands that cover your feet as you walk across it. Choate Park is the hidden gem of my small town, a place that makes me feel like I am back in Vermont but at home all at once.
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Salmon Hole- Event Map & Changes

•November 6, 2017 • Leave a Comment

With winter approaching all the trees at Salmon Hole are officially bare or just about. The water is still in the same extremely still condition, although I did notice some small fishes swimming around the water the last time I was down at Salmon Hole. I also have not noticed the garter snake around the trail which I am taking as a good sign. Something I have also been noticing is a lot of people frequent the trail for its fishing usage, but I really have seen very few fish in my specific spot down at Salmon Hole, that is definitely something I will investigate in the future. Then below is my hand drawn event map of my time with Salmon Hole.

Salmon Hole: Birds Eye View Map

•October 22, 2017 • Leave a Comment

I am not the best artist, but this is my hand drawn representation highlighting the most prominent features of Salmon Hole.

Salmon Hole: Changes

•October 22, 2017 • Leave a Comment

While making my way back down to Salmon Hole, there definitely has been quite a change in the vegetation. With the seasons changing, the entire river trail is now covered in numerous shades of orange and yellow, and the number of dead trees seems to be increasing. With the colors changing among the trees and the numerous boxelders losing their leaves, there also has been quite an increase in the amount of purple loosestrifes, an invasive species that has been growing in the crevices of the rocks close to the water.
There has also been quite a spark in the wildlife since I last visited. While walking down the river trail the last time I was there, I almost stepped on a garter snake that has now made a home in the leaves along the trails. Also, I found a squirrel that has found itself a home in an oak tree and loves to scurry around the trail when ever I am walking by it.
Salmon Hole is also a very popular fishing spot SO when I have walked down towards the water I have noticed a few small fish swimming around but I haven’t seen any salmon yet.

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