Natural history: My site has been protected for a really long time. It has always been dense in trees. The only big human impact on this place is fishing. There was also a time where the pond had overflowed and the town had to bring in sand to stop the flooding.
Phenology: This nature preserve is very rich in evergreens. They are mostly all grouped together with little distance in-between them. There are medium sized trees that are all a similar height and then a new generation of trees under them which are the same height. As you get closer to the river there are more maple trees and birches. There is also more smaller vegetation.
Natural community: My spot is a mix between a wetland and a woodland. There is a river that flows through my sight that has some wetland plants growing on the edges. The rest of the site is all woodland. Its not very dense at all. Most of the trees have fallen down in my area. The only species really are the one green ash tree and a couple red maples. There is also a small coverage of lady ferns. Right now my sight looks pretty dead but, there might be potential for more trees to grow in that area. based on all the small vegetation.
Phenological changes: Since I had last been at my sight more trees have fallen down. One being one of the only medium sized trees. The only trees left are the Green ash and a bunch of smaller trees. Regardless of it being winter my spot looked really green. The lady ferns that cover the ground are very prominent again. The river going around my sight is frozen over with a sheet ice. There are some non covered areas that reveled the fast moving pace of the river resulting from the snow melting.
Bio-finder: My spot is in an area that is considered a class 2 wetland which I thought was very interesting. Its states it in a protected area which is not surprising because my spot is in Centennial woods. It also is considered a common natural community.
Wild life: There was a lot of activity on my site. I tracked a bunny throughout my site. The bunny seemed to have crossed the stream and disappeared up the hill. There was also a lot of dog tracks at my sight.
Twig identification: These were some of the deciduous trees at my sight
Sketch of twig:
Changes in phenology: Since I last visited my sight a lot has changed. The stream has now frozen over and you can visibly see the trapped oxygen beneath it. Also there are a lot more trees that have fallen down at my sight. My sight is now mostly covered by snow but there are spots where there are grass sticking out.
In centennial woods there is evidence that native Americans used the land before European settlers came. There were many stone tools found in centennial woods. When the Europeans came they used the woods for agricultural purposes. After land was abandoned in the 1860’s trees stated to grow back within the area. There are many white pines and maple which shows that centennial woods is a younger grown Forest. finally in 1974 the board of trustees made the land into a natural area. Now today people use the area for hiking. Or from what I’ve seen this is a place where a dad can take his two kids to jump in the water were my spot is or for a friend to take a picture of his other friend right on top of my spot because he also sees the beauty in it. It has been a pleasure to see all of these people interacting with my spot and acknowledging a how special it really was.
Natural Areas, University of Vermont: A resolution
of the board of trustees [PDF] . university of Vermont
Natural Areas. University of Vermont Environmental Program
Citations: Vermont quarterly Fall 1999 pg. 10 “anthropology students practice field work on campus”
Intro to the Milton preserve:
Much like my spot in centennial wood I find my spot in the Milton preserve aesthetically pleasing. The Milton nature preserve is very special to me. It is located right across from my neighborhood so I was always able to go into it and explore it as much as a pleased. I grew up going to this pond and catching tadpoles with my parents in my friends. It was super fun to go back and to be able to identify the species that are in those woods.
The Milton Nature preserve compared to my spot in centennial woods
Ecologically: My spot in The Milton nature preserve in upstate New York only had a couple similarities to my spot in centennial woods. Both spots I picked had either a river or a pond in them. They both had some red oaks. Mostly when comparing tree species I found a lot of differences. The Milton nature preserve had a lot of younger trees than my spot in centennial woods. there at a lot of young eastern white pine in one area. Most of the trees in my spot at centennial woods have moss growing on then or have fallen down. Milton also had a lot if northern white pine and Eastern hemlock where my spot in centennial had mostly green ash and red maple. There is a lot more Small vegetation at my spot in centennial woods. It has a lot of lady ferns and small grasses. The Milton nature preserve had a lot of broad leaf cattails where the river at my spot has no aquatic plants that I have observed.
Phenologically: My spots were not that different phenologically . New York an Vermont are not very different from each other. In both places all the oak and maple trees had lost their leaves but in the Milton preserve there are mosty conifers so it was much more colorful there. All the amphibians and fish that are supposed to be in the pond are starting to disappear as well as the river in centennial woods because the change in season.
Kara Winslow, Nov.25
Kara Winslow Nov.25
Kara Winslow Nov.25
Kara Winslow Nov.25
Changes in phenology:
There is a lot of activity that has happened since I had last visited my spot. The water level has went back down again. On one of the big green ashes at my spot there is now holes created from woodpeckers. Also it seems that many of the trees are developing more moss and fungus on their bark. There were three trees that had fallen since the last time I came as well. the fish are still noticeable in the streams but there seems to be less of them.
- Kara Winslow Nov.4Kara Winslow Nov.4Kara Winslow Nov.4Kara Winslow Nov.4
Kara Winslow, Nov. 4
Changes in vegetation
Most of the large vegetation are starting to loose their leaves due to the changing season. The smaller vegetation on the ground are starting to look more decayed. In general there also is a lot of missing vegetation due to the recent weather. The rain has caused the stream to increase in width. I noticed that it caused come of the land and vegetation to be eroded into the stream. Also this is due to the streams increased velocity. The berries on the buckthorns in my area are more noticeable now.
Kara Winslow, Oct.21
Evidence of wildlife
The only wildlife I saw was one type of fish species in the lake. The fish like this area due to the cold water and water velocity. The first time I visited my spot I saw water bugs as well but they must be missing due to the weather. I heard a bird call from my spot but was not able to identify the bird. Also although I saw no evidence of it, I believe this would be a great habitat for beavers. There is a lot of dead vegetation for a beaver dam.
Kara Winslow, Oct.21
How to get there and why I picked it
This spot was a easy 25 minute walk to get to. I picked this spot because of the aesthetic value I believed it to have. This area has beautiful Green ash tree in the middle of it. Also there is a nice stream running through it which is home to fish, water bugs and other species. This part of the spot will be fun to observe. It will be fun to watch the change in the species thought the season. Also I wasn’t the only one who appreciated the beauty of this spot. When coming back to the spot a second time there was a guy taking pictures of his friend near the ash tree. This just proves to me how special the spot is not only to me but others as well.
There is a 90-95% floor coverage in woody shrubs in my spot. There are a lot of small lady ferns, honey suckle and other woody shrubs covering the floor of my spot. The most common woody plants are green ash, red oak, honey suckle, red maple and some buckthorn.
Kara Winslow, Oct.14 Kara Winslow, Oct.14