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Red Stone Quarry Human History



Red Stone Quarry was a functional mining site starting from the early 1800’s until the University of Vermont bought the property in 1958. Many historical buildings such as my dorm Redstone Hall were built using Monkton Quartzite (Another name for Redstone), mined from Redstone Quarry.  Since 1958, the University has used the site for geology classes and research.  Quarrying is one of the oldest industries of Vermont, and having a quarry located almost in the middle of Burlington shows how ingrained mining is to Vermont’s past.

Description of place in Leopold’s writing style:

In order to experience the town of Harvard, one must take a visit to Bare Hill Pond.  Every year, the water body drains out of a small river, and the water level lowers by about 3 feet.  Many new rocks and trees are exposed and this makes late fall one of the best times to explore the pond.  In order to truly get a sense of the place though, one must visit the numerous islands scattered throughout the shallow water.  Some such islands include Rock Island, and Four Acre Island.  Inhabited in the summer, these islands are quiet and empty throughout the winter, and very peaceful.

Canoeing on the pond is one of the best ways to experience its beauty and depth.  Blue herons, snapping turtles, and sunfish all inhabit the friendly waters.  Once on Rock Island, one notices a large fallen tree.  This tree used to stand about 5 years ago but unfortunately fell during Hurricane Sandy in 2012.  Now though, this tree is a convenient way to climb to the top of the large rock on the island and subsequently jump off into the water when it is warm.  Seeing the exposed rocks and trees that are usually covered up is a stark reminder that winter is coming.  \


Comparing Burlington and Harvard’s phrenology spots:

It is interesting to compare my phrenology spot in Burlington vs. my spot at home.  Although they are both in the northeast U.S.A, there are many differences, as well as similarity between them.  One way they are similar is with the vegetation.  Massachusetts and Vermont share many similar types of trees and shrubs.  Some notable ones I saw at Bare Hill Pond that I also noticed in Burlington are maple and hemlock trees, as well as pine.  Red stone quarry also has a small pond, and in that I have seen animals such as frogs and salamanders in the summer.  Bare hill pond is also home to many of these same creatures.

Bare hill pond has many different types of rocks compared to red stone quarry.  For example, of course the pond bed is sandy and silty, but most of the large stones are made of granite.  Compared to red stone quarry, which has mostly red stone, there is a much different color scheme of the area.  The islands of Bare Hill Pond are also much more exposed to the elements than red stone quarry, which is protected by natural cliffs.  This leads to more erosion and fallen trees because of high winds and precipitation.  I noticed this erosion on the edges of the lake as much of the sand had been washed away leaving bare rocks exposed.


Fall in Redstone Quarry

As fall descends upon the red stone quarry we can begin to see changing leaves, and some trees have already lost all their leaves and are down to their bare branches.


Red Stone Quarry Description

Red Stone Quarry is an old stone quarry located south of Red Stone Campus.  I chose this area to do my plant based phrenology because it is a secluded space relatively close to campus.  There are also many interesting ecological features in the area, such as red stone cliffs, as well as a vernal pond.  You can reach the red stone quarry either at the end of Hoover street, or through a path located on Ledge Street, as you travel south of the Burlington Country Club.  There were a few animals hanging out when I first visited the site, such as frogs in the pond, and birds in the trees, but other than that it was pretty quiet.

The vegetation in Red Stone Quarry is mostly young trees and shrubs.  Near the pond and in the marshy areas there is an abundance of Cat Tails.  The most common trees and plants in the area include paper birch, sugar maple, striped maple, and eastern hemlock.  There are also numerous shrubs and bushes and buck thorn scattered throughout the land.  There is a path that runs north to south through the woods, but once you step off the path the forest gets very dense with a lot of undergrowth and shrubbery.

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