Each strategy nature has invented to protect organism from hot or cold could be employed in separating a solar heat load on a house in Arizona from the space inside the house. Building designers and engineers have had their own favorite design and construction approaches, but the question now is, if global warming and peak oil are real challenges of the 21st Century, should the old favorite approaches be continued? Is there a new model for construction that can transform the way human habitations interact with the changing environment?
How you would design a house “skin” with any of those strategies is the question for your innovation. Can you design both a new functionality and a new aesthetic?