Evolution provides the opportunity for organism to adapt to their environment (biotic and abiotic). Darwin’s phrase captured this idea in terms of “survival of the fittest.” How might the idea of co-evolution fit in with this concept of what drives evolution? (You’ll need to do some research on co-evolution on your own here).
Do structure and function evolve at the same time, or does one drive the other?
If patterns and their related processes don’t have genes recording their changes over time, how are these patterns and processes in communites and ecosystems preserved and improved over millennia?