Update on Ethan Allen Park

Posted in Uncategorized on February 6, 2017 by bgluhosk

Since my last visit in December, Ethan Allen Park  has changed. The ground is now coated with snow and ice, except under the pine trees. The amount of people using the park for recreation has also decreased from previous visits. During this visit I did not see or hear any birds or other animals such as squirrels. However, I found some tracks that I identified belonging to a dog and what I thought was a squirrel. Some time in the interim between my last two visits, all of the leaves fell off the black locust tree.

Human History of Ethan Allen Park

Posted in Uncategorized on December 10, 2016 by bgluhosk

Ethan Allen Park has a rich human history. The watch tower in the park was built on Indian Rock and served as a traditional Algonquin lookout. The park was officially opened on Memorial Day, 1905.  In the 1920s, Ethan Allen Park was a hotspot for entertainment. Various activities included concerts, picnics, dancing, and partying with bootleg liquor (This was during the Prohibition Era when alcohol was forbidden by the 18th Amendment). In the 1950s, an ice rink was installed as an additional attraction. Since then and throughout its entire history, the park has been a large recreational site where people could utilize the trails, playground, and picnic areas.

Who is Ethan Allen?

Ethan Allen was a prominent Revolutionary War hero who moved to Vermont from Connecticut. Perhaps one of his most famous accomplishments was capturing Fort Ticonderoga with Benedict Arnold without any bloodshed. In September 1775, Allen was captured during an assault in Montreal and he was shipped to England as a prisoner. Returning in 1778, Allen became involved in land disputes, rather than join the war effort again. Vermont had since declared its independence and he hoped to have it admitted as the fourteenth state. Unfortunately, Congress did not support his interests so Allen turned to Canada and requested that Vermont become a new Canadian Province. This was viewed as an act of treason but since the motivation was rooted in the Vermont land disputes, no further action was taken against him. Ethan Allen lived in Burlington for two years, from 1887 to his death in 1889.

Final Visit to EAP of the Semester

Posted in Uncategorized on December 10, 2016 by bgluhosk

Date: December 8

Weather: Bitterly cold, windy, snow flurries

Time: 2pm

In the past few days, snow accumulated. Unfortunately by the time I was able to get to Ethan Allen Park, most of the snow had melted so I was unable to look for animal tracks. One key difference I noticed was the color of the ground. During previous visits, the ground was littered with brown pine needles. However, during my most recent trip, many of the needles became a pale tan. I also discovered some small patches of grass poking through the needles. Overall, the ground transformed from a blanket of brown to a mosaic of brown, pale tan, and green.

The two juvenile Eastern White Pine trees on my site displayed an interesting pattern. The smooth bark was broken up by periodic bands of splitting. Sap was dripping from the cracks in the bark. A sketch of this pattern is shown below.


My Place at Home

Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk

I chose a spot in the woods behind my house in Bolton, CT. This area is located in a public drinking water area and hunting and trapping are forbidden on the premises. This place is starkly different from Ethan Allen Park. The composition of tree species in my new place is almost entirely deciduous. The only coniferous trees are saplings and reach barely a foot off the ground. White Oak makes up most of  the forest. The large presence of white oak and the abundance of moss suggests that the soil is quite wet. Soils in my place at Ethan Allen Park are most likely drier because of the abundance of Eastern White Pines. There are a few stand alone red maple, yellow birch, and beech trees. Other key features include snags and fallen logs which are entirely absent from my place at Ethan Allen Park. The snags and fallen logs have holes in them that show evidence of wildlife such as pileated woodpecker and possible small rodents. While I explored my new place, I noticed a significant difference in wildlife from Ethan Allen Park. Birds such as bluejays, American crows, and black-capped chickadees populated the trees. I also saw several chipmunks scurrying through the leaves. At Ethen Allen Park, squirrels were the only animal I saw.

Ethan Allen Park is a place that is open to the public. My place is obviously well managed and the human presence in the nearby area also impacts the phenology at my site. Not much change and little wildlife presence is not a surprise because of this. On the other hand, my place in CT is the complete opposite. The area is characterized by limited access and never receives much human activity. I was perhaps the first person to walk through in years. Because of this, the area is much more wild and much more suitable for wildlife as made evident by the various species I encountered and the numerous snags, fallen logs, and woody shrubs.

Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk


Just a picture of the base of a fallen tree.

Coniferous Trees

Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk

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These images depict very young coniferous trees. The one on top is an Eastern White Pine. The other image depicts a plant called a lycopod. Lycopods are ancient plants that diverged before conifers evolved to reproduce via seeds. They instead, reproduce with spores. The particular lycopod I found is most likely Dendrolycopodium obscurum, or commonly known as rare clubmoss or a ground pine. Lycopods are one of the oldest surviving vascular plants. During their peak, 300+ million years ago, many lycopods grew to a much larger size and dominated swampy areas that became the coal deposits of the Midwest. However, when seed plants evolved,  lycopods could not compete as well and eventually they became the small understory plants we see today. (Thanks Maria!)


Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk

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These holes are most likely habitat for some animals. There were leaves and acorns inside both of these holes and I find it hard to believe that they fell in there by chance.

Fungus Amongus

Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk

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These are some images of some fungi in my place.

Evidence of a Pileated Woodpecker

Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk


The whole in the tree is evidence that a pileated woodpecker pecked away at the trunk in order to eat insects that are in the tree.


Posted in Uncategorized on November 28, 2016 by bgluhosk


Attached is a video of bird calls at my place. I apologize that it must be downloaded. The predominant birds that can be heard include the Bluejay and the American Crow.

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